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Pulp and Paper Services, LLC
Est. 1996
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Standards

Analysis Services for the Paper, Pulp, Polymer, Chemical, and Legal Industries.
1.802.424.1564
pps1@pshift.com
TAPPI, ASTM, ISO, and SCAN Standards
TAPPI Methods
• TAPPI T 203 Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Cellulose in Pulp
• TAPPI T 204 Solvent Extractives of Wood and Pulp
• TAPPI T 205 Forming Handsheets for Physical Tests of Pulp
• TAPPI T 207 Water Solubility of Wood and Pulp
• TAPPI T 211 Ash in Wood, Pulp, and Paperboard: Combustion at 525 C
• TAPPI T 212 One Percent Sodium Hydroxide Solubility of Wood and Pulp
• TAPPI T 220 Physical Testing of Pulp Handsheets
• TAPPI T 221 Drainage Time of Pulp
• TAPPI T 222 Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood and Pulp
• TAPPI T 227 Freeness of Pulp (Canadian Standard Method)
• TAPPI T 230 Viscosity of Pulp (Capillary Viscometer Method)
• TAPPI T 233 Fiber Length of Pulp by Classification
• TAPPI T 235 Alkali Solubility of Pulp at 25 C
• TAPPI T 236 Kappa Number of Pulp
• TAPPI T 237 Carboxyl Content of Pulp
• TAPPI T 240 Consistency (Concentration) of Pulp Suspensions
• TAPPI T 244 Acid-Insoluble Ash in Wood, Paper, and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 245 Silicates and Silica in Pulp (Wet Ash Method)
• TAPPI T 252 pH and Electrical Conductivity of Hot Water Extracts of Pulp, Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 254 Cupriethylenediamine Disperse Viscosity of Pulp (Falling Ball Method)
• TAPPI T 255 Water Soluble Sulfates In Pulp and Paper
• TAPPI T 256 Water Soluble Chlorides in Pulp and Paper
• TAPPI T 262 Preparation of Mechanical Pulps for Testing
• TAPPI T 263 Identification of Wood Fibers from Conifers
• TAPPI T 264 Preparation of Wood for Chemical Analysis
• TAPPI T 266 Determination of Sodium, Calcium, Copper, Iron, and Manganese in Pulp and Paper by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
• TAPPI T 272 Forming Handsheets for Reflectance Testing of Pulp
• TAPPI T 280 Acetone Extractives of Wood and Pulp
• TAPPI T 400 Sampling and Accepting a Single Lot of Paper, Paperboard, Fiberboard, or Related Product
• TAPPI T 401 Fiber Analysis of Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 402 Standard Conditioning and Testing Atmospheres for Paper, Board, Pulp Handsheets, and Related Products
• TAPPI T 403 Bursting Strength of Paper
• TAPPI T 405 Petroleum Wax in Impregnated Papers
• TAPPI T 406 Reducible Sulfur in Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 410 Grammage of Paper and Paperboard (Weight per Unit Area)
• TAPPI T 411 Thickness (Caliper) of Paper, Paperboard, Combined Board
• TAPPI T 412 Moisture in Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 413 Ash in Wood, Pulp, Paper and Paperboard: Combustion at 900 C
• TAPPI T 414 Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper (Elmendorf Type Method)
• TAPPI T 419 Starch in Paper, also alpha amylase method
• TAPPI T 425 Opacity of Paper (15/d Geometry, Illuminant A/2o, 89% Reflectance Backing and Paper Backing
• TAPPI T 428 Hot Water Extractable Acidity or Alkalinity of Paper
• TAPPI T 429 Alpha-Cellulose in Paper
• TAPPI T 430 Copper Number of Pulp, Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 432 Water Absorbency of Bibulous Papers
• TAPPI T 433 Water Resistance of Sized Paper and Paperboard (Dry Indicator Method)
• TAPPI T 434 Acid-Soluble Iron in Paper
• TAPPI T 435 Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH) of Paper Extracts (Hot Extraction Method)
• TAPPI T 437 Dirt in Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 438 Zinc and Cadmium in Paper
• TAPPI T 441 Water Absorptiveness of Sized (Non-Bibulous) Paper, Paperboard, and Corrugated Fiberboard (CobbTest)
• TAPPI T 444 Silver Tarnishing by Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 448 Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Paper and Paperboard at 23 C and 50% RH
• TAPPI T 456 Wet Tensile Breaking Strength of Paper and Paperboard (Wet Tensile Stength)
• TAPPI T 458 Surface Wettability of Paper (Angle of Contact Method)
• TAPPI T 460 Air Resistance of Paper (Gurley Method)
• TAPPI T 462 Castor Oil Penetration Test for Paper
• TAPPI T 464 Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Paper and Paperboard at High Temperature and Humidity
• TAPPI T 480 Specular Gloss of Paper and Paperboard at 75 Degrees
• TAPPI T 489 Bending Resistance (Stiffness) of Paper and Paperboard (Taber-Type Tester in Basic Configuration)
• TAPPI T 491 Water Immersion of Paperboard
• TAPPI T 494 Tensile Properties of Paper and Paperboard (Using Constant Rate of Elongation Apparatus)
• TAPPI T 507 Grease Resistance of Flexible Packaging Materials
• TAPPI T 509 Hydrogen Ion Concentration (pH) of Paper Extracts (Cold Extraction Method)
• TAPPI T 511 Folding Endurance of Paper (MIT Tester)
• TAPPI T 538 Smoothness of Paper and Paperboard (Sheffield Method)
• TAPPI T 549 Coefficients of Static and Kinetic Friction of Uncoated Writing and Printing Paper by Use of the Horizontal Plane Method
• TAPPI T 553 Alkalinity of Paper as Calcium Carbonate (Alkaline Reserve of Paper)
• TAPPI T 559 Grease Resistance Test for Paper and Paperboard
• TaPPI T 562 CIE Whiteness and Tint of Paper and Paperboard (Using 45/0 Directional Illumination and Normal Viewing)
• TAPPI T 566 Bending Resistance (Stiffness) of Paper (Taber Type Tester in 0 to 10 Taber Stiffness Unit Configuration)
• TAPPI T 569 Internal Bond Strength (Scott Type)
• TAPPI T 574 Wax in Pulp, Paper and Paperboard
• TAPPI T 600 Analysis of Formaldehyde in Aqueous Solutions of Free Formaldehyde in Resins
• TAPPI T 625 Analysis of Soda and Sulfate Black Liquor
• TAPPI T 650 Solids Content of Black Liquor
• TAPPI T 684 Gross Heating Value of Black Liquor
• TAPPI T 815 Coefficient of Static Friction (Slide Angle) of Packaging and Packaging Materials (Including Shipping Sack Papers,   Corrugated Fiberboard) (Inclined Plane Method)
• TAPPI T 818 Ring Crush of Paperboard
• TAPPI T 822 Ring Crush of Paperboard (Rigid Support Method)
• TAPPI T 825 Flat Crush Test of Corrugated Board (Rigid Support Method)
• TAPPI T 835 Water Absorption of Corrugating Medium: Water Drop Absorption Test
• TAPPI T Book Bulk abd Bulking Number of Paper
ASTM Methods
• ASTM D0276 Standard Test Method for Identification of Fibers in Textiles
• ASTM D0446 Standard Specifications and Operating Instructions for Glass Capillary Kinematic Viscometer
• ASTM D0548 Standard Test Method for Water-Soluble Acidity or Alkalinity of Paper
• ASTM D0586 Ash Content Upon Ignition 525 C
• ASTM D0646 Standard Test Method for Mass Per Unit Area of Paper and Paperboard of Aramid Papers (Basis Weight)
• ASTM D0685 Standard Practice for Conditioning Paper and Paper Products for Testing
• ASTM D0724 Standard Test Method for Surface Wettability of Paper (Angle-of-Contact Method)
• ASTM D0780 Standard Test Method for Printing Ink Permeation of Paper (Castor Oil Test)
• ASTM D0824 Standard Test Method for Rate of Absorption of Water by Bibulous Papers
• ASTM D0828 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of paper and Paperboard Using Constant-Rate-of-Elongation Apparatus
• ASTM D0919 Standard Test Method for Copper Number of Paper and Paperboard
• ASTM D0984 Determination of Reducible Sulfur in Paper and Paperboard
• ASTM D1030 Standard Test Method for Fiber Analysis of Paper and Paperboard
• ASTM D1102 Standard Test Method for Ash in Wood
• ASTM D1105 Standard Test Method for Preparation of Extractive-Free Wood
• ASTM D1106 Standard Test Method for Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood
• ASTM D1107 Standard Test Method for Ethanol-Toluene Solubility of Wood
• ASTM D1108 Standard Test Method for Dichloromethane Solubles in Wood
• ASTM D1109 Standard Test Method for 1% Sodium Hydroxide Solubility of Wood
• ASTM D1110 Standard Test Method for Water Solubility of Wood
• ASTM D1125 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
• ASTM D1926 Standard Test Methods for Carboxyl Content of Cellulose
• ASTM D2175 Standard Test Method for Book Bulk and Book Bulking Number of Paper
• ASTM D2176 Standard Test Method for Folding Endurance of Paper and Plastics by the M.I.T. Tester
• ASTM D2194 Standard test Method for Concentration of Formaldehyde Solutions
• ASTM D2357 Standard for Qualitative Classification of Surfactants by Infrared Absorption
• ASTM D2668 Standard Test Method for 2,6-di-tert-Butyl-p-Cresol and 2,6-di-tert-Butyl Phenol in Electrical Insulating Oil by Infrared    Absorption
• ASTM D2702 Standard Practice for Rubber Chemicals - Determination of Infrared Absorption Characteristics
• ASTM D3124 Standard Test Method for Vinylidene Unsaturation in Polyethylene by Infrared Spectrophotometry
• ASTM D3414 Standard Test Method for Comparison of Waterborne Petroleum Oils by Infrared Spectroscopy
• ASTM D4917 Standard Test Method for Coefficient of Static and Kinetic Friction of Uncoated Writing and Printing Paper by Use of the Horizontal Plane Method
• ASTM D4918 Standard Test Method for Coefficient of Static Friction of Uncoated Writing and Printing Paper by Use of the Inclined Plane Method
• ASTM D4988 Standard Test Method for Determination of Alkalinity of Paper as Calcium Carbonate (Alkaline Reserve of Paper)
• ASTM D6248 Standard Test Method for Vinyl and Trans Unsaturation in Polyethylene by Infrared Spectrophotometry
• ASTM D6627 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene in Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy
• ASTM D6645 Standard Test Method for Methyl (Comonomer) Content in Polyethylene by Infrared Spectrophotometry
• ASTM D7214 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Oxidation of Used Lubricants by FT-IR Using Peak Area Increase       Calculation
• ASTM D7371 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid   Infrared Spectroscopy 
• ASTM D7806 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Ester (FAME) Content of a Blend of Biodiesel and Petroleum- Based Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
• ASTM E0313 Standard Practice for Calculating Yellowness and Whiteness Indices from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
• ASTM E0398 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Sheet Materials Using Dynamic Relative Humidity            Measurement 
• ASTM E1252 Standard Practice for General Techniques for Obtaining Infrared Spectra for Qualitative Analysis
• ASTM E1184 Standard Practice for Determination of Elements by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
• ASTM E2937 Standard Guide for Using Infrared Spectroscopy in Forensic Paint Examinations
• ASTM F0119 Standard Test Method for Rate of Grease Penetration of Flexible Barrier Materials (Rapid Method)
• ASTM G0120 Standard Practice for Determination of Soluble Residual Contamination by Soxhlet Extraction
• ASTM Standard Tests Methods for Rubber, Raw Determination of 5-Ethylidenenorbornen (ENB) or Dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) in       Ethylene-Propylene-Diene (EPDM) Terpolymers
ISO Methods
• ISO 0187 Paper, Board and Pulps - Standard Atmosphere for Conditioning and testing and Procedure for Monitoring the Atmosphere and Conditioning of Samples
• ISO 0287 Paper and Board - Determination of Moisture Content of a Lot - Oven Drying Method
• ISO 0302 Pulps - Determination of Kappa Number
• ISO 0534 Paper and Board - Determination of Thickness, Density and Specific Volume
• ISO 0535 Paper and Board - Determination of Water Absorptiveness - Cobb Method
• ISO 05351 Pulps - Determination of Limiting Viscosity Number in Cupriethylenediamine (CED) Solution
• ISO 0536 Paper and Board - Determination of Grammage
• ISO 0624 Pulps - Determination of Dichloromethane Soluble Matter
• ISO 0692 Pulps - Determination of Alkali Solubility
• ISO 0699 Pulps - Determination of Alkali Resistance
• ISO 0776 Pulps - Determination of Acid-Insoluble Ash
• ISO 0777 Paper, Board, and Pulp - Determination of Acid-Soluble Calcium
• ISO 0778 Paper, Board, and Pulp - Determination of Acid-Soluble Copper
• ISO 0779 Paper, Board, and Pulp - Determination of Iron
• ISO 12192 Paper and Board - Determination of Compressive Strength - Ring Crush Method
• ISO 15359 Paper and Board - Determination of the Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction - Horizontal Plane Method
• ISO 2144 Paper, Board and Pulps - Determination of Residue (Ash) on Ignition at 900 C
• ISO 1924 Paper and Board - Determination of Tensile Properties - Constant Rate of Elongation Method (20mm/min)
• ISO 1974 Paper - Determination of Tearing Resistance - Elmendorf Method
• ISO 2471 Paper and Board - Determination of Opacity (Paper Backing) Diffuse Reflectance Method
• ISO 2493 Paper and Board - Determination of Bending Resistance Taber Type Tester
• ISO 2493 Paper and Board - Determination of Bending Resistance Taber Type Tester
• ISO 2528 Sheet Materials - Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate - Gravimetric (Dish) Method
• ISO 2758 Paper - Determination of Bursting Strength
• ISO 3034 Corrugated Fiberboard - Determination of Single Sheet Thickness
• ISO 3035 Corrugated Fiberboard - Determination of Flat Crush Resistance
• ISO 3688 Pulps - Preparation of Laboratory Sheets for the Measurement of Diffuse Blue Reflectance Factor (ISO Brightness)
• ISO 4119 Pulps - Determination of Stock Concentration
• ISO 5267-2 Pulps - Determination of Drainability - Part 2 Canadian Standard Freeness Method
• ISO 5269 Pulps - Preparation of Laboratory Sheets for Physical Testing Conventional Sheet-Former Method
• ISO 5270 Pulps - Laboratory Sheets - Determination of Physical Properties
• ISO 5626 Paper - Determination of Folding Endurance
• ISO 5634 Paper and Board - Determination of Grease Resistance
• ISO 5636 Paper and Board - Determination of Air Permeance (Gurley Method)
• ISO 5637 Paper and Board - Determination of Water Absorption after Immersion in Water
• ISO 6587 Paper, Board and Pulps - Determination of Conductivity of Aqueous Extracts
• ISO 6588-1 Paper, Board and Pulps - Determination of pH of Aqueous Extracts Cold Extraction
• ISO 6588-2 Paper, Board and Pulps - Determination of pH of Aqueous Extracts Hot Extraction
• ISO 8254 Paper and Board - Measurement of Specular Gloss 75 Degree Gloss with Converging Beam
• ISO 8791-3 Paper and Board - Determination of Roughness/Smoothness (Air Leak Methods) Sheffield Method
• ISO 9197 Paper, Board and Pulps - Determination of Water-Soluble Chlorides
• ISO 9198 Paper, Board and Pulp - Determination of Water-Soluble Sulfates
SCAN Methods
• SCAN 39:80 Fillers and Pigments - Dry Matter Content
• SCAN 65:02 Pulp - Total Acidic Group Content - Conductometric Titration Method
• SCAN 66:05 Mechanical and Chemical Pulps - Fines Content
• SCAN 67:03 Wood Chips and Pulp Production and Pulp - Content of Exctratable Lipophlic
• SCAN C 15:16 Viscosity of Cellulose in Cupriethylenediamine Solution (CED)
• SCAN CM 11:95 Pulps - Preparation of Laboratory Sheets (Optical Properties) - Sheets for Measuring ISO Brightness
• SCAN CM 27:00 Pulp - Preparation of Laboratory Sheets for Determination of Light-Scattering and Light-Absorption Coefficients,   Opacity, and Y-Value
• SCAN CM 38:05 Pulps, Papers, and Boards - Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Manganese and Copper Content - Atomic Absorption       Spectroscopy
• SCAN CM 46:03 Wood Chips for Pulp Production - Content of Acetone-Soluble Matter
• SCAN CM 54:97 Pulps, Papers, and Boards - Cadmium and Lead Content - Atomic Absorption Spectrometry - Graphite Furnace     Technique
• SCAN CM 55:99 Pulp - Total Sulphur Content
• SCAN CM 6:05 Mechanical and Chemical Pulps - Fibre Fractionation - In the Bauer McNett Classifier
• SCAN CM 62:00 Chemical Pulp - Water Retention Value
• SCAN CM 63:05 Pulp, Paper and Board - Sodium and Potassium Contents - Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
• SCAN N 35:96 Black Liquors - Total Sulphur Content
• SCAN P 37:77 Paper and Board - Oil Absorbency - Cobb-Unger Method
• SCAN N 37:98 Sodium and Potassium Contents
• SCAN P 40:80 Fillers and Pigments - Ignition Residue
• SCAN P 48:83 pH Value of an Aqueous Suspension
• SCAN P 50:84 Pigments - Brookfield Viscosity of Slurries
• SCAN P 52:84 Starch - Dry Matter Content
• SCAN P 53:84 Low Density Papers - Air Permanence - Gurley Method
• SCAN P 54:84 Starch - Chloride Content
• SCAN P 56:86 Modified Starch Products Organic Nitrogen by the Kjeldahl Method
• SCAN P 61:88 Latex - Dry Matter Content
• SCAN P 70:09 Papers and Board - Ink-Absorbency Value
• SCAN P pH Value of an Aqueous Suspension
Please scroll down to see a comprehensive lists of the standards we use.
Pulp and Paper Services, LLC
PO Box 4582
378 Railroad Street - Suite 2
Saint Johnsbury, Vermont 05819
Analysis is Our Passion

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